11. Property, plant and equipment

Changes in property, plant and equipment (by group) in the year ended 31 December 2013

 Technical equipment and machinesVehiclesProperty, plant and equipment under constructionReal Property 1Other property, plant and equipmentTotal property, plant and equipment
Gross value of property, plant and equipment – opening balance 604 403 104 430 44 258 1 110 039 137 027 2 000 157
Increases (due to): 40 362 31 501 38 404 56 147 19 996 186 410
- purchase 15 469 1 474 38 167 6 379 12 939 74 428
- change in the consolidation scope 3 525 11 581 220 689 2 221 18 236
- reclassification from investment property - - - 46 966 - 46 966
- reclassification from assets under construction 20 947 18 226 - 200 2 666 42 039
- other 421 220 17 1 913 2 170 4 741
Decreases (due to): (62 037) (19 429) (59 708) (85 201) (17 397) (243 772)
- sale (7 999) (19 205) (2) - (271) (27 477)
- liquidation (50 185) (224) (12 257) (2 904) (16 876) (82 446)
- reclassification to held for sale according to IFRS 5 - - - (25 001) - (25 001)
- reclassification to investment property - - - (57 296) - (57 296)
- reclassification from assets under construction - - (42 039) - - (42 039)
- other (3 853) - (5 410) - (250) (9 513)
Exchange differences (124) (84) - 50 (77) (235)
Accumulated depreciation – opening balance (523 810) (53 521) - (308 816) (84 730) (970 877)
Changes (due to): 29 511 545 - (13 714) (1 320) 15 022
- depreciation for the period (28 691) (12 726) - (26 649) (13 481) (81 547)
- sale 7 362 18 286 - - 276 25 924
- liquidation 50 002 123 - 2 046 16 234 68 405
- change in the consolidation scope (2 301) (4 975) - (255) (1 807) (9 338)
- reclassification to held for sale according to IFRS 5 - - - 5 468 - 5 468
- reclassification to investment property - - - 5 873 - 5 873
- exchange differences 87 50 - 21 73 231
- other 3 052 (213) - (218) (2 615) 6
Accumulated depreciation – closing balance (494 299) (52 976) - (322 530) (86 050) (955 855)
Impairment losses – opening balance - - (12 238) (24 725) - (36 963)
Changes recognized in the financial profit/loss, included in: - - - (37 441) - (37 441)
- other operating expenses - - - (52 129) - (52 129)
- other operating revenue - - - 14 688 - 14 688
Other changes: - - 12 238 2 742 - 14 980
- change in the consolidation scop - - - (124) - (124)
- reclassification to held for sale according to IFRS 5 - - - 2 873 - 2 873
- exchange differences - - - (7) - (7)
- liquidation of leasehold improvements - - 12 238 - - 12 238
Impairment losses – closing balance - - - (59 424) - (59 424)
Net value of property, plant and equipment – closing balance 88 305 63 442 22 954 699 081 53 499 927 281

1) including land perpetual usufruct 

Changes in property, plant and equipment in the year ended 31 December 2012

 Technical equipment and machinesVehiclesProperty, plant and equipment under constructionReal property 1Other property, plant and equipmentTotal property, plant and equipment
Gross value of property, plant and equipment – opening balance 669 581 101 018 39 448 1 212 417 147 110 2 169 574
Increases (due to): 22 445 24 193 53 114 59 563 15 318 174 633
- purchase 4 803 555 34 906 16 685 3 513 60 462
- reclassification from investment property - - - 33 990 - 33 990
- reclassification from assets under construction 17 253 22 543 - 6 274 9 114 55 184
- other 389 1 095 18 208 2 614 2 691 24 997
Decreases (due to): (86 767) (20 578) (48 304) (161 157) (25 025) (341 831)
- sale (510) (20 578) (3 110) (447) (357) (25 002)
- liquidation (77 077) - (30) (2 826) (50 363) (130 296)
- reclassification to held for sale according to IFRS 5 (3 566) - - (54 347) - (57 913)
- reclassification to investment property - - - (68 517) - (68 517)
- reclassification from assets under construction - - (55 184) - - (55 184)
- other (5 614) - 10 020 (35 020) 25 695 (4 919)
Exchange differences (856) (203) - (784) (376) (2 219)
Gross value of property, plant and equipment – closing balance 604 403 104 430 44 258 1 110 039 137 027 2 000 157
Accumulated depreciation – opening balance (573 431) (58 877) - (322 649) (109 206) (1 064 163)
Changes (due to): 49 621 5 356 - 13 833 24 476 93 286
- depreciation for the period (33 885) (13 406) - (30 336) (13 195) (90 822)
- sale 379 19 718 - 345 311 20 753
- liquidation 76 827 - - 1 265 47 804 125 896
- reclassification to held for sale according to IFRS 5 644 - - 14 775 - 15 419
- reclassification to investment property - - - 18 318 - 18 318
- exchange differences 626 117 - 129 277 1 149
- other 5 030 (1 073) - 9 337 (10 721) 2 573
Accumulated depreciation – closing balance (523 810) (53 521) - (308 816) (84 730) (970 877)
Impairment losses – opening balance (750) - (11 140) (38 140) - (50 030)
Changes recognized in the financial profit/loss, included in: 750 - - 2 618 - 3 368
- other operating revenue 750 - - 2 618 - 3 368
Other changes: - - (1 098) 10 797 - 9 699
- reclassification to held for sale according to IFRS 5 - - - 2 - 2
- reclassification to investment property - - - 9 635 - 9 635
- exchange differences - - - 62 - 62
- other - - (1 098) 1 098 - -
Impairment losses – closing balance - - (12 238) (24 725) - (36 963)
Net value of property, plant and equipment – closing balance 80 593 50 909 32 020 776 498 52 297 992 317

1) including land perpetual usufruct 

“Reclassifications to investment property” include the same values, as explained in Section 12.