43. Employee expenses

Employee expenses1 January - 31 December 20131 January - 31 December 2012
Payroll 1 138 055 1 194 070
Defined contributions plans; including 249 252 250 008
- overheads 189 517 189 044
- third pillar pension insurance, including costs of premium to PPE incurred in the period 59 735 60 964
Other 69 741 67 721
Total employee expenses 1 457 048 1 511 799

As at 31 December 2013, PZU, PZU Życie and PZU CO had pillar-three pension plans for their employees - defined contribution plans - paid by the employer in addition to the salary defined in the employment contract, accounting for 7% of the gross salary. In the case of PZU and PZU CO, the plans are managed by MPTE. PZU Życie manages the plan itself.